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2 Samuel 8: 1-18

Posted by Barb on August 16, 2015 at 4:20 PM

2 Samuel 8:1 (NASB)

V:1
1 Now after this it came about that David defeated the Philistines and subdued them; and David took control of the chief city from the hand of the Philistines.

·       Metheg Ammah – “mother city”

·        (1 Ch 18:1 NKJV) After this it came to pass that David attacked the Philistines, subdued them, and took Gath and its towns from the hand of the Philistines.

·       Gath was considered the “mother land” to the Philistines.  It had been the home of David’s first conquest, Goliath.  It was the place that David ran to hiding from Saul.  If you remember it was also where David had made a friend out of the king of Gath, Achish.

·       David would conquer this city taking the reins so to speak to subdue them to his control.

·       When David became king the Philistines were taking territory from God's people. Under his leadership, God's people began taking back territory that the enemy had taken.

V:2
2 He defeated Moab, and measured them with the line, making them lie down on the ground; and he measured two lines to put to death and one full line to keep alive. And the Moabites became servants to David, bringing tribute.

·       Moab

·       The nation was located on the east of the Dead Sea.  Notice how David is conquering the nations that sandwich him in.

·       David had recently been in good standing with the Moabites why he even allowed for them to care for his parents.

(1 Sa 22:3–4 NKJV) —3 Then David went from there to Mizpah of Moab; and he said to the king of Moab, “Please let my father and mother come here with you, till I know what God will do for me.” 4 So he brought them before the king of Moab, and they dwelt with him all the time that David was in the stronghold.

·       David's great grandmother, Ruth, was a Moabite.  That means David has Moabite blood in him.

Yet here David goes to war against Moab, and end up putting to death two-thirds of their army.  Cruel?

Jewish writers assert that after David had asked the king of Moab to take care of his parents, the king of Moab turned around and massacred David’s parents and family. 

Maybe that’s why David acted this way. But scripture doesn’t tell us for sure, this is only what Jewish writers have written. However there most certainly had to be a reason for David’s actions against them.

V:3
3 Then David defeated Hadadezer, the son of Rehob king of Zobah, as he went to restore his rule at the River.

·       Zobah … Euphrates

·       During the times of Saul, David, and Solomon, this was an area that formed a separate kingdom north of Damascus.

·       The Euphrates is the largest and longest river of western Asia, it starts in Armenia, flows through Turkey, Syria, Iraq and flows into the Persian Gulf

·       Notice how far the river Euphrates is from Israel.  The closest the Euphrates gets to the Sea of Galilee is 250 miles.

Why is David doing all this conquering?  Isn’t he getting a little carried away?

To Abraham, God promised:

(Ge 15:18 NKJV) On the same day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying: “To your descendants I have given this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the River Euphrates—

God promised the land from the Nile to the Euphrates.

David is simply attacking from within the lines.  He’s staying inside the territory God had promised.

V: 4
4 David captured from him 1,700 horsemen and 20,000 foot soldiers; and David hamstrung the chariot horses, but reserved enough of them for 100 chariots.

·       hamstrung all the chariot horses

The practice was to cut the Achilles tendon the horses.  It didn’t kill the horse, but made it unusable in pulling chariots. 

This was military strategy, David could not care for so many horses while on the battle field and he could not give them back to the enemy.

V:5,6
5 When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer, king of Zobah, David killed 22,000 Arameans.
6 Then David put garrisons among the Arameans of Damascus, and the Arameans became servants to David, bringing tribute. And the LORD helped David wherever he went.

·       Syrians of Damascus

This is the same Damascus that’s the capital of Syria today.

The Syrians (like today) were the nation directly north of Israel.  When they tried to help Zobah, they were defeated.

V:7-10 (NASB)
7 David took the shields of gold which were carried by the servants of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem.
8 From Betah and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, King David took a very large amount of bronze.
9 Now when Toi king of Hamath heard that David had defeated all the army of Hadadezer,
10 Toi sent Joram his son to King David to greet him and bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him; for Hadadezer had been at war with Toi. And Joram brought with him articles of silver, of gold and of bronze.

·       David took what was the glory of the enemy and transformed it into trophies of the power and goodness of God. Those shields of gold were now in the temple, testifying to God's work in and through David.

·       God loves to take people and things that are "trophies" for the Devil and make them trophies to His power and grace.

·       Toi

David has a new admirer.  Toi had been at war with Hadadezer. The enemy of my enemy is my friend. David gets a present from his new friend for defeating Hadadezer.

Neighboring nations saw the hand of God on David and brought him honor and gifts. They knew that a strong, godly leader of Israel was good for the whole community of nations.

V:11-13 (NASB)
11 King David also dedicated these to the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated from all the nations which he had subdued:
12 from Aram and Moab and the sons of Ammon and the Philistines and Amalek, and from the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
13 So David made a name for himself when he returned from killing 18,000 Arameans in the Valley of Salt.

·       This is the summary of this whole chapter. Every victory and every enemy subdued was a testimony to the Lord's preserving power in the life and reign of David.

·       David dedicated everything to the Lord, He took none of the power for himself.

·       the Valley of Salt

Located on the southwest coast of the Dead Sea.

 If you noticed, David has conquered to the west, the east, the north, and now the south.

V:15-18 (NASB)
15 So David reigned over all Israel; and David administered justice and righteousness for all his people.

·       This chapter of victory, blessing, and prosperity describes the life of Israel during the reign of David. This is one reason why he is regarded as the greatest king or ruler Israel ever had.

·       This is how God wanted to reign in the life of Saul, but Saul resisted the Lord and rejected His Spirit. Because David allowed God to subdue Him, the nations were subdued before David.

·       David was a great king to his own people, not only against neighboring nations. He fulfilled what is the fundamental duty of government - to administer judgment and justice (Romans 13:1-7).

16 Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder.
17 Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were priests, and Seraiah was secretary.
18 Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief ministers.

No great leader succeeds by himself. Only the smallest organizations can be run well without a committed team. Part of David's success as a ruler was in his ability to assemble, train, empower, and maintain such a team.

There is a limit to what we can be and what we can do for the Lord without order and organization.

Nothing is accomplished in God's kingdom without order and organization. God is moving with utmost order and organization though sometimes we cannot see it.

Lesson

Building your life right

These things were brought into the Temple treasury.

They would be used in the building of the Temple

Paul talked about how we build our lives:

1 Corinthians 3:12-14 (NLT)
12 Anyone who builds on that foundation may use a variety of materials—gold, silver, jewels, wood, hay, or straw.
13 But on the judgment day, fire will reveal what kind of work each builder has done. The fire will show if a person’s work has any value.
14 If the work survives, that builder will receive a reward.

We want to build our lives with things that will pass the “fire”, pass the test with God.

 (2 Ch 4:22 ESV) the snuffers, basins, dishes for incense, and fire pans, of pure gold, and the sockets of the temple, for the inner doors to the Most Holy Place and for the doors of the nave of the temple were of gold.

Even the door sockets in the Holy Place were made of gold.

Where did Solomon get the gold to build the sockets?

From the wars fought, the bible calls them spoils, treasures. The prize at the end of a hard days battle to survive. There are some battles worth fighting for. I think about battles in our lives over sin, and over what we allow into our mind.

Corinthians 10:4-5 (KJV)
4 (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)
5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ)



Build your house right.  Fight the good fight

Categories: 2 SAMUEL

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