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2 Samuel 7: 1-29

Posted by Barb on August 16, 2015 at 4:15 PM

2 Samuel 7:1-29 (KJV)
1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;
2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.
3 And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.

·       Now we find David in his house resting from all the battles he had fought against his enemies and we can see maybe he is looking back over everything and seeing how the Lord has really brought him to this place. The Lord has given him rest, what a statement, it all came from the Lord none of David’s doing.

·       So he has a friend in Nathan the prophet and they are just chatting. David is thinking about the Lord and wants to do something for him.

·       Here he is in a nice home while God’s ark is behind closed curtains.

·       Here David goes again thinking that God’s needs something better, didn’t he learn from the cart that he carried the ark on? God can take care of himself

·       David had just moved into a house of cedar which Hiram of Tyre had built for him seeing the contrast between his beautiful home and the tent which covered where God dwelt between the cherubims on the ark, he spoke out of his hearts desire to Nathan.

·       Nathan without consulting God encourages David to go ahead with his plans they sound great to him. We do that don’t we? Something sounds good, might fix the problem or we think it can help out in some way. And maybe it will, maybe it won’t but we move without asking the one whom knows best.

4 And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying,
5 Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in?
6 Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.
7 In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar?

·       David now knew that God didn't want him to build the temple, but David didn't respond by doing nothing. Instead of building the temple, David gathered all the materials for its construction so Solomon could build a glorious temple to God (1 Chronicles 29:2-9)

   "If you cannot have what you hoped, do not sit down in despair and allow the energies of your life to run to waste; but arise, and gird yourself to help others to achieve. If you may not build, you may gather materials for him that shall. If you may not go down the mine, you can hold the ropes." (Meyer)

·       David could have gotten upset and depressed over the fact that he was the one who couldn’t do something for God that he wanted to. God said No to him, no David I don’t want you to build me a house, “but why God?” No David obeyed.

8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel:
9 And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.

·       God reminds David that he was the one who took him from being a shepherd and made him ruler over his people. He reminds him that he was the one who helped him cut off all his enemies. God made the name of David great throughout the whole world. Who does David think he is without God?

10 Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them anymore, as beforetime,
11 And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telethon thee that he will make thee an house.

·       God tells David that No David you’re not making me a house, I’m going to make you one. God is talking about not just a house to live in but a dynasty a covenant.

·      Why did God say, "No" to David's offer? Because David was a man of war, and God wanted a man of peace to build His temple. 1 Chronicles 22:8-10 explains this: But the word of the Lord came to me, saying, ‘You have shed much blood and have made great wars; you shall not build a house for My name, because you have shed much blood on the earth in My sight . . . a son shall be born to you, who shall be a man of rest . . . He shall be build a house for My name.

12 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.
13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom forever.
14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:
15 But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.
16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.
17 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.

·       These words are directly related to Jesus the Messiah in Heb. 1:5 In Semitic thought, since the son had the full character of the father, the future seed or descendants of David would have the same essence of God. That Jesus Crist was God incarnate is the central theme of John’s gospel.

·       As a human father disciplines his sons, so the Lord would discipline David’s descendants, if they committed iniquity. This has reference to seed until Messiah’s arrival. Any king from David’s line from Solomon on.

·       This is and expression of the unconditional character of the Davidic Covenant. The Messiah will come to his glorious, eternal kingdom and that promise will not change.

·       Luke 1:32,33 Indicates that these 3 terms are fulfilled in Jesus, and the Lord God will give Him the throne of his father David; and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and His kingdom will have no end.

·       Forever conveys eternity future event

18 Then went king David in, and sat before the LORD, and he said, Who am I, O Lord GOD? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?
19 And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD?
20 And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, Lord GOD, knowest thy servant.
21 For thy word's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant know them.
22 Wherefore thou art great, O LORD God: for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.
23 And what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom God went to redeem for a people to himself, and to make him a name, and to do for you great things and terrible, for thy land, before thy people, which thou redeemedst to thee from Egypt, from the nations and their gods?
24 For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: and thou, LORD, art become their God.

·       David is overwhelmed with such blessings that the Lord has lavished him with. He is praising and blessing him for showing his goodness to him and for the promise of the seed from him to be blessed throughout generations.

·       David words. “Who am I” David‘s seed would be the Lord’s promise that He would bring his kingdom through David.

25 And now, O LORD God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said.
26 And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel: and let the house of thy servant David be established before thee.
27 For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee.
28 And now, O Lord GOD, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant:
29 Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.

·       David praised the Lord for his favor to him. He prayed for the fulfillment of the divine promise given. By David praying, he showed that he fully accepted by faith the extraordinary, irrevocable promises God made to him and Israel as a nation.

·       I like the fact that David prayed for the fulfillment of the promise to come to pass.

·       Why because when God gives us a promise are we just suppose to sit around and wait for that to come to pass, no, we should pray for the fulfillment of it, by doing this we show God we believe him.

What can we learn from this chapter?

1.    We can learn that even though David like us go through such hard battles that may last forever, that there will be an end and even a reward for our obedience to the Lord.

2.    We can learn that God doesn’t need us to build anything for him, but he does require us to build for others. Being a shepherd prepared David for caring for the people of Israel and going through all the hard battles and being abandoned it seemed by all his family prepared him for standing firm no matter what.

3.    David fought for the people of Israel and he became ruler over them. He protected them from predators that would sneak in to filtrate the camp.

4.    Isn’t that what a good shepherd does? Care for the sheep, protect them from predators, ones that would come in and try to hurt the sheep with evil.

Let’s pray

Categories: 2 SAMUEL

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